Do you suffer from menstrual pain? Here are the reasons and treatment

 The menstrual cycle (menstruation period): is the period of bleeding that occurs in a woman every month, and usually lasts seven days.

 The ovaries release an egg every month (ovulation), as it travels through the fallopian tube toward the uterus until fertilization takes place.

 If fertilization takes place, the egg turns into a fertilized egg and the lining of the uterus has become thick to implant and implant in the uterus and pregnancy occurs. If fertilization is not completed, the body gets rid of the released egg and the thick layer in the lining of the uterus and bleeding occurs from the vaginal opening known as  Menstrual period or menstrual cycle.

 Many girls and women suffer from severe pain during their menstrual period, and the degree of pain differs from one woman to another.  Feeling some cramps, pain and discomfort during menstruation is considered normal.  However, some women may suffer from severe pain during this period, and may require them to be absent from work or school as a result of the symptoms and severe pain they face.

 The medical term for menstrual pain is dysmenorrhea.  Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women who experience pain before and during the menstrual period, but during the rest of the month they are healthy.  As for women who went through normal menstrual periods without pain, and then at a later stage began to suffer from dysmenorrhea, this stage is called secondary dysmenorrhea.  This condition is usually accompanied by a problem affecting the uterus or other organs in the pelvic area.

 Symptoms of dysmenorrhea:

 There are many symptoms associated with dysmenorrhea, but not necessarily all of them, and they usually last from two to three days and are as follows:

 Lower back pain, pain in the legs, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, headache, dizziness, weakness and fatigue.

 Causes of menstrual pain:

 There is no specific cause for menstrual pain, but there are some cases that increase the causes of dysmenorrhea:

 Girls under the age of twenty. The presence of women in the family who suffer from dysmenorrhea. Smoking or excessive alcohol consumption. Heavy bleeding during menstruation. Irregular menstruation. No previous pregnancy or childbirth. Early puberty i.e. before the age of eleven. Obesity.  Women with high levels of prostaglandin may experience severe pain and cramps during their menstrual period.

 Prostaglandin is a hormone-like chemical that a woman's body makes.  Where the tissue lining the uterus produces prostaglandin, which stimulates muscle contraction, which helps the uterus get rid of its thick inner lining every month.  These cramps cause pain and inflammation.  In addition, the symptoms that accompany the menstrual period of feeling nausea, headache and diarrhea are all caused by prostaglandin.

 Health conditions that cause secondary dysmenorrhea:

 Period pains can be the result of underlying health problems, for example:

 Premenstrual syndrome (PMS): It is a group of physical, psychological and behavioral disorders related to when women are menstruating. Endometriosis: It is a painful health condition in which cells from the endometrium grow in other parts of the body  Fibroids in the uterus (non-cancerous tumors) Pelvic inflammatory disease: This is an infection of the uterus, inflammation of the fallopian tube, or inflammation of the ovaries, and often occurs as a result of sexually transmitted diseases.  Enlargement of the uterus as a result of a condition known as adenomyosis: It is a rare condition in which cells and tissues of the lining of the uterus grow into the muscular wall of the uterus instead of its normal location, which is the inner lining of the uterus.  It is also a rare case where the cervix is ​​so small that it slows down the flow of menstrual blood (NLM). Polycystic ovaries. In addition, certain types of birth control methods, especially IUDs, which are placed in the cervix to prevent pregnancy and which are made of  Copper is associated with increased pain during menstruation.

 When should you see a doctor:

 If menstrual pain prevents you from carrying out basic tasks every month, it is possible that it is a good time to see your doctor and consult him about all the symptoms you are facing.  Especially if it is accompanied by:

 Pain after IUD insertion Painful menstrual periods that lasted more than three months. The presence of blood clots as menstrual blood passes. Cramps are accompanied by feelings of nausea and diarrhea. Feeling of menstrual pain outside of menstruation.

 A sudden onset of pelvic pain and cramps can also indicate the presence of inflammation.  Inflammation that is not treated can cause tissue scarring that damages the organs of the pelvic area (the ovaries, uterus, or fallopian tubes) and may lead to infertility.  If you suffer from an infection, you should see a doctor and follow up on the matter, and the symptoms of inflammation are the following: Heat and severe pain in the pelvic area and the presence of puddle secretions that smell bad.

 Dysmenorrhea treatment:

 Home remedy for menstrual pain:

 Use a hot water bag and apply it to the pelvic or back area. Give a massage or light massage to the abdominal area. Take a warm bath. Do regular exercise. Eat healthy light meals. Take pain reliever and anti-inflammatory medicine such as ibuprofen at the onset of menstrual pain even if not  Your menstrual period begins after you take nutritional supplements containing the B group vitamins, calcium, magnesium, and omega amino acids. 3. Avoid salts and stimulants rich in caffeine, alcohol and sugars, in order to prevent swelling. Raise the legs or extend the legs while bending the knees.  Have warm drinks.

 If home remedies do not help relieve menstrual pain, there are many medicinal options that will help you in this area.

 Treatment depends on the severity and causes of your menstrual pain.  If the pain is caused by infections or sexually transmitted diseases, for example, then in this case you need to treat the cause or inflammation and the doctor is the one who prescribes the appropriate treatment for you. As for pain-relieving medicines, NSAIDs are the most common medicines used to treat menstrual pain.  As aspirin, ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, and mefenamic acid.  They are effective medicines that do not require a prescription.  These medications block the effects of prostaglandin.  But these drugs affect asthma patients and those suffering from stomach ulcers and kidney disease.  Also, aspirin is not given under the age of sixteen.  Therefore, if you are not sure whether you can take this medicine, consult your pharmacist or doctor beforehand, and in some cases the doctor may prescribe birth control pills for you as well.  Hormonal contraceptives are used to prevent ovulation, which can control menstrual cramps as well. Your doctor may prescribe some anti-depressants or severe pain relievers that contain the drug, but only for a short period. If the pain is due to the presence of uterine fibroids.  Or similar cases, then the treatment is done by an operation.

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