Causes of overweight and obesity

 


Obesity means having a large amount of body fat, and it differs from being overweight.  Excess weight can be the result of muscle, bone, fat, or the amount of fluid in the body.  In both cases, whether overweight or obese, this increase is considered unhealthy for the body.


 Obesity occurs when consuming more calories than the body needs and continuously for a long time.  When the amount of calories in the food intake is greater than the amount that the body burns and converts into energy, in this case the body stores the excess of them in the form of fat, which causes obesity.


 The balance between the amount of calories that the body gains and the amount of calories lost by the body varies from person to person.  Changing the diet, increasing exercise, and some behavioral changes can greatly help in losing weight.  In addition to the presence of some medicines and surgeries to treat obesity.


 Obesity is diagnosed when you have a BMI of 30 or more.  Your BMI is calculated as follows:


 Body mass index = body weight in kilograms / (body height in meters * body height in meters)



 Your body mass index (BMI) Your weight status is 18.5 below normal weight 18.5-24.5 Body weight normal 25-29.9 Body weight plus 30-34.9 You have obesity score 135-39.9 You have obesity score of 240 or higher You have obesity grade 3


 For most people, BMI gives a reasonable estimate of the amount of fat in the body, but it is not an accurate measurement of the exact amount of fat.  It is possible that the indicator indicates the presence of obesity for an athlete who is full of muscles.  In this case, the indicator of increase for him is muscle, not fat.


 Causes of overweight and obesity:


 There are a number of causes and factors that contribute to obesity, including:


 Having health problems:


 When there is a health problem that reduces your mobility, such as arthritis, this contributes to weight gain.  Or when you suffer from Cushing's syndrome, for example (which is an uncommon condition that occurs as a result of a high level of cortisol in the blood, either through the body's manufacture of high amounts of it or when high doses of corticosteroids are taken orally), this case and others may be  It leads to your obesity.


 Take some prescription drugs:


 As with some types of antidepressants, psychiatric medications, diabetics, beta-blockers, and steroid medications.


 Lack of activity (lethargy):


 When you are less active, this leads to less consumption of calories in the body.


 Adopting an unhealthy diet and eating habits.


 Genetic reasons:


 The genes you have can influence how much fat you store and how you distribute it in the body.  It also affects the efficiency of your body at converting food into energy and how it burns calories during exercise.


 Economic and social factors:


 Research has shown an association between economic and social factors and the incidence of obesity.  It is difficult to avoid obesity if you do not have a safe area to exercise, or if you do not have enough financial income to buy the necessary healthy foods, or you may not have knowledge of how to cook healthy recipes that help in thinness.


 Age:


 Obesity can appear at any age, but as you get older, the hormonal changes and lack of movement in you make it more likely that obesity will occur.  In addition, the amount of muscle in your body begins to decrease with age, which leads to a decrease in your metabolism and metabolism processes.  These changes reduce your need for required calories and thus it is difficult for you to avoid excess weight.


 Pregnancy:


 Weight gain during pregnancy is essential, but some women have difficulty losing weight after childbirth.  This weight gain can progress to obesity.


 Quit Smoking:


 Smoking cessation is usually associated with weight gain, and it can sometimes develop into obesity in some individuals.  But in any case, the benefits of quitting smoking are always the best.


 Lack of sleep:


 Not getting enough sleep or sleeping more hours than needed.  Both conditions lead to changes in the level of hormones that give the feeling of hunger (ghrelin) and hormones that give the feeling of satiety (leptin).  In addition, sleep affects how your body reacts to insulin (the hormone that controls the level of glucose in the blood).  Lack of sleep leads to higher levels of blood sugar.


 Emotional reasons:


 Some people resort to eating a lot when they are bored, angry, or stressed.  With the passage of time and persistence of this behavior, the result will be obesity.  Although you have one or more of these factors, this does not mean that you will suffer from obesity.  You can control these factors by following a healthy diet and performing some exercise and behavioral changes.


 Necessary tips before changing diet:


 Reducing the calories you eat and practicing healthy eating habits helps a lot in overcoming obesity. Losing weight in a slow and steady way is best in the long term and that guarantees permanent weight loss. You have to be wary of quick solutions, in fact there are no magic foods  Or quick solutions. The fad diets that lose weight quickly may help, but in the short term, but you need long-term health results, as well as with severe diets, you will most likely regain your weight quickly after you stop following them.  Therefore, the best way is to follow healthy eating habits that you can adhere to constantly. Depend on a weight loss program for at least six months and a weight loss program for one year as well, to ensure your chance of losing weight.


 Aerobics and activities:


 Exercise is an essential part of obesity treatment.  Most of the people who can maintain an ideal weight for at least a year are people who often exercise, such as simple walking, for example.


 To increase your level of activity: You should keep exercising at a rate of 150 minutes per week to ensure weight loss.  And if you want to lose weight faster, you should gradually increase the duration of exercise until you reach 300 minutes per week.

 Everyone is different and the obstacles they have to maintain an ideal weight are different.  For example, some people suffer from a lack of time to exercise, while for others it is time to eat in the evening, which leads to a lack of movement after eating and thus gaining more weight.  Therefore, everyone is more aware of his lifestyle and must change this pattern in proportion to his situation in order to treat obesity.


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